Implant-supported complete dentures, also known as implant-supported overdentures or implant-retained dentures, are a type of dental prosthesis that combines dental implants with a complete denture to restore missing teeth and provide stability and support.
Here are some key points about implant-supported complete dentures:
1. Purpose: Implant-supported complete dentures are designed to replace all of the teeth in the upper or lower arch (or both) when traditional dentures may not provide sufficient stability or comfort. The dental implants serve as anchors to secure the denture in place.
2. Dental Implants: Dental implants are titanium posts that are surgically placed into the jawbone. They act as artificial tooth roots and provide a strong foundation for the denture. The number of implants required will vary depending on the individual case, but typically, four to six implants are used to support a complete denture.
3. Attachment Systems: Various attachment systems can be used to connect the denture to the implants. The most common methods include:
a. Bar-retained dentures: A metal bar is attached to the implants, and the denture is secured to the bar using clips or other attachments.
b. Ball-retained dentures: Implants have ball-shaped attachments, and the denture has corresponding sockets that snap onto the implants.
4. Stability and Function: Implant-supported complete dentures offer several advantages over traditional dentures:
a. Improved stability: The dental implants provide a secure foundation, preventing the denture from shifting or slipping during eating, speaking, or other activities.
b. Enhanced chewing ability: The stability and support offered by the implants allow for more efficient chewing and better retention of the denture.
c. Enhanced comfort: Implant-supported dentures have a more secure fit, reducing the discomfort and irritation often associated with traditional dentures.
d. Preserved bone health: Dental implants stimulate the jawbone, helping to preserve bone density and prevent bone loss that can occur with traditional dentures.
5. Maintenance: Implant-supported complete dentures require regular oral hygiene practices, including brushing the denture and cleaning around the implants. Regular dental check-ups are also necessary to monitor the condition of the implants and ensure proper maintenance of the denture.
6. Candidacy: Not all individuals may be suitable candidates for implant-supported complete dentures. Adequate bone density and healthy gums are important factors to consider. A thorough evaluation by a qualified dentist or prosthodontist will determine if you are a suitable candidate for this treatment option.
Implant-supported complete dentures can significantly improve the comfort, function, and aesthetics of individuals who are missing all of their teeth. It is essential to consult with a dental professional experienced in implant dentistry to evaluate your specific needs, discuss the treatment options, and determine the most suitable approach for you.
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