Orthodontics is a branch of dentistry that specializes in the diagnosis, prevention, and treatment of misaligned teeth, jaw, and bite issues. Orthodontic treatment can improve the appearance of a person’s smile, as well as their oral health and overall quality of life.
Orthodontic problems can occur for various reasons, including genetics, poor oral habits, and injuries. Some common orthodontic problems include crooked teeth, overcrowding, gaps between teeth, overbite, underbite, and crossbite.
Orthodontic treatment typically involves the use of braces or clear aligners, such as Invisalign, to gradually move teeth into their proper position. Braces are made up of brackets that are attached to the teeth and connected by wires and bands. Clear aligners are custom-made trays that fit over the teeth and gradually shift them into position.
Orthodontic treatment can take several months or even years, depending on the severity of the orthodontic issues. During the treatment, patients need to visit the orthodontist regularly for adjustments and progress checks.
In addition to traditional braces and clear aligners, orthodontic treatment can also involve other techniques such as headgear, palate expanders, and jaw surgery. Orthodontics can benefit patients of all ages, from children to adults.
Overall, orthodontic treatment can improve both the appearance and function of the teeth and jaw, leading to a healthier, happier smile.